Accompanied by the shaking of rattles, the beating of drums, and singing, the shamans’ ‘’souls or minds drives in Shamanism State of Consciousness (SSC). The shaman specializes in a trance during which his soul is believed to leave his body and ascend to the sky or descend to the outer world. A similar distinction is also necessary to define the shaman’s relation to “spirits.” All through the primitive and modern worlds by their trances, cure them, accompany their dead to the “Realm of Shades,” and serve as mediators between them and their gods, celestial or infernal, greater, or lesser. This small mystical elite not only directs the community’s religious life but, as it were, guards its “soul.”
In the SCC, the shaman typically experiences an ineffable joy in which he sees, an awe of the beautiful and mysterious worlds that open before him. His experiences are like dreams, but waking ones that feel real and in which he can control his actions and direct his adventures. While in the SSC, he is often amazed by the reality of that which is presented. He gains access to a whole new, and yet familiarly ancient universe that provides him with profound information about the meaning of his own life and death and his place win the totality of all existence. During his great adventures in SCC, he maintains conscious control over the direction of his travels, but does not know what he will discover. He is a self-reliant explorer of the endless mansion of magnificent hidden universe. Finally, he brings back his discoveries to build his knowledge to help other. The power of Shaman are:
- Restoring and maintaining personal power
- Cosmic geography of nonordinary reality.
- Resist intrusion of external force
- Extracting Harmful intrusions
- Illness due to power intrusion is manifested by such symptoms
- Provide elaborate instructions for their alleviation.
- Explain the origins of diseases and afflictions
- Long-distance healings by sucking on a khata (silk ritual scarf).
Typical cases Shaman cure include witchcraft, sorcery, curses, madness, uncontrolled spirit possession, soul loss, restless ancestors, reproductive disorders (including infertility, miscarriages, and still births)*, severe, persistent aches, pains, and fevers, and astrological impasses.
Elaborated explanations commonly involve some combination of five sorts of causes: curses and spells, especially acts of witchcraft or sorcery, traceable to particular, identifiable individuals; misfortunate astrological configurations involving physical, but heavenly, bodies; the intrusion of physical or quasi-physical substances into the body; damage to the body’s life forces or souls; the activities of spirits.